Women more likely than men to initiate divorces, but not non-marital breakups

first_imgPinterest Share on Twitter Share LinkedIn Share on Facebookcenter_img Women are more likely than men to initiate divorces, but women and men are just as likely to end non-marital relationships, according to a new study that will be presented at the 110th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (ASA).“The breakups of non-marital heterosexual relationships in the U.S. are quite gender neutral and fairly egalitarian,” said study author Michael Rosenfeld, an associate professor of sociology at Stanford University. “This was a surprise because the only prior research that had been done on who wanted the breakup was research on marital divorces.”Rosenfeld’s analysis relies on data from the 2009-2015 waves of the nationally representative How Couples Meet and Stay Together survey. He considers 2,262 adults, ages 19 to 94, who had opposite sex partners in 2009. By 2015, 371 of these people had broken up or gotten divorced. As part of his analysis, Rosenfeld found that women initiated 69 percent of all divorces, compared to 31 percent for men. In contrast, there was not a statistically significant difference between the percentage of breakups initiated by unmarried women and men, regardless of whether they had been cohabitating with their partners.Social scientists have previously argued that women initiate most divorces because they are more sensitive to relationship difficulties. Rosenfeld argues that were this true, women would initiate the breakup of both marriages and non-marital relationships at equal rates.“Women seem to have a predominant role in initiating divorces in the U.S. as far back as there is data from a variety of sources, back to the 1940s,” Rosenfeld said. “I assumed, and I think other scholars assumed, that women’s role in breakups was an essential attribute of heterosexual relationships, but it turns out that women’s role in initiating breakups is unique to heterosexual marriage.”Perhaps women were more likely to initiate divorces because, as Rosenfeld found, married women reported lower levels of relationship quality than married men. In contrast, women and men in non-marital relationships reported equal levels of relationship quality.Rosenfeld said his results support the feminist assertion that some women experience heterosexual marriage as oppressive or uncomfortable.“I think that marriage as an institution has been a little bit slow to catch up with expectations for gender equality,” Rosenfeld said. “Wives still take their husbands’ surnames, and are sometimes pressured to do so. Husbands still expect their wives to do the bulk of the housework and the bulk of the childcare. On the other hand, I think that non-marital relationships lack the historical baggage and expectations of marriage, which makes the non-marital relationships more flexible and therefore more adaptable to modern expectations, including women’s expectations for more gender equality.” Emaillast_img read more

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Study IDs key indicators linking violence and mental illness

first_imgLinkedIn Share New research from North Carolina State University, RTI International, Arizona State University and Duke University Medical Center finds a host of factors that are associated with subsequent risk of adults with mental illness becoming victims or perpetrators of violence. The work highlights the importance of interventions to treat mental-health problems in order to reduce community violence and instances of mental-health crises.“This work builds on an earlier study that found almost one-third of adults with mental illness are likely to be victims of violence within a six-month period,” says Richard Van Dorn, a researcher at RTI and lead author of a paper describing the work. “In this study, we addressed two fundamental questions: If someone is victimized, is he or she more likely to become violent? And if someone is violent, is he or she more likely to be victimized? The answer is yes, to both questions.”The researchers analyzed data from a database of 3,473 adults with mental illnesses who had answered questions about both committing violence and being victims of violence. The database drew from four earlier studies that focused on issues ranging from antipsychotic medications to treatment approaches. Those studies had different research goals, but all asked identical questions related to violence and victimization. For this study, the researchers used a baseline assessment of each study participant’s mental health and violence history as a starting point, and then tracked the data on each participant for up to 36 months. Email Share on Facebookcenter_img Share on Twitter Specifically, the researchers assessed each individual’s homelessness, inpatient mental-health treatment, psychological symptoms of mental illness, substance use and as victims or perpetrators of violence. The researchers evaluated all of these items as both indicators and outcomes – i.e., as both causes and effects.“We found that all of these indicators mattered, but often in different ways,” says Sarah Desmarais, an associate professor of psychology at NC State and co-author of the paper. “For example, drug use was a leading indicator of committing violence, while alcohol use was a leading indicator of being a victim of violence.”However, the researchers also found that one particular category of psychological symptoms was also closely associated with violence: affective symptoms.“By affect, we mean symptoms including anxiety, depressive symptoms and poor impulse control,” Desmarais says. “The more pronounced affective symptoms were, the more likely someone was to both commit violence and be a victim of violence.“This is particularly important because good practices already exist for how to help people, such as therapeutic interventions or medication,” she adds. “And by treating people who are exhibiting these symptoms, we could reduce violence. Just treating drug or alcohol use – which is what happens in many cases – isn’t enough. We need to treat the underlying mental illness that is associated with these affective symptoms.”The research also highlighted how one violent event could cascade over time.For example, on average, the researchers found that one event in which a person was a victim of violence triggered seven other effects, such as psychological symptoms, homelessness and becoming perpetrators of violence. Those seven effects, on average, triggered an additional 39 additional effects.“It’s a complex series of interactions that spirals over time, exacerbating substance use, mental-health problems and violent behavior,” Van Dorn says.“These results tell us that we need to evaluate how we treat adults with severe mental illness,” he adds.“Investing in community-based mental health treatment programs would significantly reduce violent events in this population,” says Desmarais. “That would be more effective and efficient than waiting for people to either show up at emergency rooms in the midst of a mental-health crisis or become involved in the legal system as either victims or perpetrators of violence.“We have treatments for all of these problems, we just need to make them available to the people that need them,” Desmarais says. Pinterestlast_img read more

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HLPFI – July/August 2017 – now available!

first_imgHLPFI’s July/August 2017 edition is packed full of useful information.It includes a detailed look at logistics opportunities in the downstream oil and gas sector, as well as in the renewable energy arena; country reports on Germany, South Korea, China, and Italy; regional reports focusing on South America, Southern Africa, Australasia, North America, and West Africa; in addition to our recently introduced airfreight and heavy haulage sections. Click here to view July/August 2017 the digital edition. To participate in future editions contact editorial@heavyliftpfi.com.last_img read more

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Hellraisers

first_img‘Hubble bubble toil and trouble,’ as Manfred Mann once sang (Obiter is getting on a bit). Those estimable altruists at the London Legal Support Trust will be priming their pumpkins and giving the garlic a wide berth next month at the 2012 LLST Halloween Ball. The event takes place (oddly enough) on Wednesday 31 October at the Royal College of Surgeons in Lincoln’s Inn Fields (bodysnatching heaven!). Tickets are £100. For more information email Natalia@llst.org.uk.last_img read more

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MP to fight Welsh court closure plan

first_imgAn MP has warned that the Ministry of Justice will have ‘one hell of a row’ on its hands if it closes the remaining court in his west Wales constituency.Elfyn Llwyd (pictured), Plaid Cymru MP for Dwyfor Meirionnydd, said the MoJ’s court closure programme had resulted in his constituency of 58,000 having just one remaining court, in Dolgellau, which is now rumoured to be earmarked for closure.During a Commons justice select committee hearing with the ministry’s top civil servant, he asked for assurance that the constituency’s Crown court would not be closed.‘The court service keeps its estate under permanent review,’ permanent secretary Ursula Brennan replied.There has been speculation that the MoJ will announce 80 further court closures to meet its spending targets.Llwyd says the closure of Pwllheli magistrates’ court in 2011 has had a negative impact on his constituency.‘Not only has that been an issue for access to justice, it has also meant we are not getting good JPs coming forward, as they don’t want to travel 55 miles to the nearest one in Caernarfon,’ he told the Gazette.To date, 138 courts have been closed under the 2010 courts estate reform programme, with three more scheduled to do so.However, 44 now-vacant court buildings have yet to be sold. Brennan told the committee that some of those properties require upgrade work before they can be sold. ‘Sometimes we have to invest in dilapidation costs to get the premises ready for the market,’ she said.‘They may have closed but it may not be possible to sell them.’last_img read more

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Listed firm Gateley upbeat on post-Brexit future

first_imgCommercial firm Gateley has posted profits up in its first year as a stock exchange-listed company – and is predicting ‘business as usual’ in the run-up to Brexit. Audited results for the year ending 30 April show pre-tax profits up 12.2% to £11m on revenue up 10.2% to £67.1m. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation rose 13.3% to £12.8m. Gateley became the first UK law firm to be listed on the stock exchange in its own right when it floated on the Alternative Investment Market market in June 2015.Michael Ward (pictured), chief executive, described the results as ‘in line, if not better, than we expected’. He said that trading in the first two months of the current financial year has been ‘encouraging’.On the business climate in the aftermath of the EU referendum vote, Ward told the Gazette: ‘Uncertainty and change is generally good for lawyers. I’m not saying it was a positive development, but for us it is business as usual.’Today’s results show an increase in cash reserves from £2.7m to £9.8m, raising the possibility that acquisitions are being planned.In April the firm bought tax incentives advisory business Capitus for £2.72m, including £1.59m in cash. Ward would not be drawn on whether any further announcements are imminent but said: ‘We continue to look for acquisitions that are complimentary, and we would be looking to grow the business we are acquiring.’All five of the firm’s strategic business divisions – banking and financial services, corporate, business services, employees, pensions, benefits and property – reported growth last year, though Ward said the climate was ‘challenging’ in employment and pensions. In the aftermath of the referendum vote, commercial property is ‘seeing a little bit of a slowdown in London’ he said, but ‘our general view is that deals are being delayed rather than put off’. The fall in the value of sterling also creates repricing opportunities, Ward said.‘The UK is a cheaper place to be transacting in than it was two weeks ago.’Shares in Gateley rose 4.5% on the announcement, to 107.5p.last_img read more

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Siemens preferred bidder for ICx inter-city train deal

first_imgGERMANY: The high-profile ICx programme to renew DB’s inter-city fleet took a decisive step forward on January 25, when DB Chairman Rüdige Grube announced the selection of Siemens as preferred bidder for a framework agreement. Detailed negotiations will now begin, with the aim of signing a firm contract this summer.DB confirmed to Railway Gazette International that it has opted for fixed-formation trainsets with distributed traction, and is negotating for a range of different sets with various lengths, power rating and top speeds. When DB launched the ICx concept in 2008, the top priority was to replace its locomotive-hauled InterCity and EuroCity stock, which despite refurbishment is approaching life-expiry. The original order was put at between 100 and 130 trainsets, with a maximum speed of 200 to 250 km/h. The ICx programme was subsequently expanded to include replacement of DB’s first generations of high speed train, the ICE1 and ICE2 sets. Intended to run at 280 km/h or more, these trains would lift the potential size of the ICx fleet to around 300 trainsets. Bids were received last year from Alstom Transport and Siemens Mobility, which had reached agreement for Bombardier Transportation to act as a subcontractor. However, DB Board Member, Passenger, Ulrich Homburg said in October that the prices ranging from €5bn to €8bn were not acceptable. But despite DB warning that it might invite new tenders on the basis of smaller tranches, negotiations continued with both bidders. Announcing the appointment of Siemens as preferred bidder, Grube said that ‘even in these economically challenging times, the modernisation of our rolling stock fleet has highest priority’, adding that ‘we will drive the process forward in the coming months’. Board Member for Engineering Dr Volker Kefer emphasized that with the ICx forming the platform for DB’s next generation of long-distance trains, ‘the quality of the technology is an essential requirement. Setting milestones for quality assurance will be a crucial element in the negotiations.’last_img read more

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Vieille Case man dies after falling off building

first_img Tweet Sharing is caring! LocalNews Vieille Case man dies after falling off building by: – October 24, 2014 Share Sharecenter_img 402 Views   no discussions Share Hails HonoreHails Honore, 52, of La Paille, Vieille Case who was a foreman on a project in Picard, Portsmouth has died.A report from police public relations officer, acting superintendent Claude Weekes confirms that Honore was engaged on a project in Picard when he came to his death “somewhere about 2:30PM” on 23 October 2014.Mr Weekes informed that Honore and his son were “on the roof of a four storey building, they were doing a project there and they were lifting materials to place on that roof via a pulley”.“That pulley was attached to a 4 x 4 and given the preliminary reports that we have, it seemed to have given way and Mr Hails Honore escaped his footing and fell forty-two feet from the top,” Mr Weekes reported.Honore was treated by medics from the Ross University School of Medicine and transported to the Reginald Fitzroy Armour Hospital at Portsmouth “where he died shortly thereafter”.“A coroner’s inquest will be convened shortly and a post mortem examination as well is expected to be performed,” Mr Weekes said.Dominica Vibes Newslast_img read more

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Caribbean countries record growth in tourist arrivals

first_img Share Tweet Sharing is caring! Share 97 Views   no discussionscenter_img NEW YORK, United States (CMC) – The Caribbean recorded a six per cent increase in tourist arrivals in the first quarter of 2015 compared to the same period last year, chairman of the Caribbean Tourism Organization (CTO) Richard Sealy has said.Sealy, who is also the Barbados Minister of Tourism, told a news conference here that the Caribbean had “bolted out of the gates” in 2015 as the region recorded its 17th straight quarter of growth with nearly eight million visitors coming to the region during the first four months of the year.Sealy, who is attending the CTO sponsored Caribbean Tourism Week that ends here Friday, said that the Caribbean continues its rapid growth rate from 2014 when arrivals grew by 5.3 per cent to 26.3 million visitors“We’ve bolted out of the gates with a six per cent rise in arrivals over the first quarter of 2014. Arrivals to the Caribbean estimated to be 7.9 million in the first three months. This is the fifth consecutive year in which arrivals grew during the first quarter and the 17th quarter of continuous growth,”” he said.Sealy said that the United States market “continues to be our most productive,” with arrivals from that market showing an increase of 5.6 per cent.The Canadian market grew an equally impressive 5.4 per cent with Cuba and Dominican Republic among the destinations recording higher levels of arrivalsIn the accommodation sector, all leading hotel performance indicators were positive.There was a modest increase of 1.3 per cent in the number of rooms available in the first quarter, the largest increase for this quarter in the last seven yearsHistorical first quarters highs were also recorded for Room Occupancy (77.8%), Average Daily Rate (US$239.84) and Revenue per Available Room (US188.25)In cruise, passenger arrivals slowed in the first quarter with the Caribbean registering a 3.4 per cent rise, compared to a 4.3 per cent growth in 2014 over 2013An estimated 8.6 million cruise passengers visited the region in the first quarter with the best performing destinations being the French island of Martinique (34.2%), Puerto Rico (26.2%), Antigua & Barbuda (18.6%) and Jamaica (15.9%).Sealy said that the outlook for the remainder of the year is positive with growth expected to be moderate and uneven among member countries“However, overall tourist arrivals are now anticipated to rise at least six per cent over 2014, In the cruise sector, the momentum gained in the first quarter could be reduced as cruise ships are repositioned away from the region,” he said.Meanwhile, Sealy said that the region is not overly concerned about Cuba as a competitor, now that the United States is improving ties with the Communist island.Seal said more tourists visiting Cuba will be a good thing for the Caribbean on a whole.“Cuba is not a problem for the CTO or the Caribbean. We are not afraid of what is happening in Cuba. As a matter of fact Cuba is a member of the Caribbean Tourism Organisation and has been for some time,” Sealy told reporters.“There was even an occasion when a Cuban minister of tourism attended Caribbean week…he was given a visa to come to this country because of Cuba’s membership with the CTO. So whereas this whole idea of visiting Cuba is new for Americans, it is not new at all for any of us.”With only the US restricting travel, three million foreigners arrived in Cuba last year, according to the government, making it the second-most visited island in the Caribbean after the Dominican Republic, which attracted more than five million visitors.Cuba’s largest source market (Canada), is also a major source market for other countries in the Caribbean.“Canadians love Cuba and we are already trying to get business from Canada alongside of Cuba so the competition from Cuba is not new,” Sealy said.“Where I’m from, in Barbados, the United Kingdom is our largest source market and so I have to compete against Cuba to get Brits because they are going to Cuba and that is the simple reality – 56,000 rooms and three million tourists a year, Cuba is already a player in tourism. And for us in the CTO and for those of us involved in tourism in the Caribbean Cuba is not new.“More people coming to Cuba mean more people coming to the Caribbean and therefore the natural thinking of us at the Caribbean Tourism Organisation is that it can only auger well for us. Those persons who were not previously coming to the region that are now coming to the region via Cuba can only redounded to our benefit and we look forward therefore to seeing Cuba’s full integration into this whole system of offering tourism services,” the CTO Chairman added.As part of improving ties between the countries, US President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro said they would work first to restore diplomatic relations. Share NewsRegional Caribbean countries record growth in tourist arrivals by: Caribbean Media Corporation – June 5, 2015last_img read more

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